Has a child ever asked you, “How much money do you have?”
You could simply open your wallet and quickly add up the cash inside and tell them the total, “Today I have $21.”
We all know that this does not accurately answer the bigger question: what is your personal net worth? It’s unlikely that you have all of your money in your wallet, right? Of course, not! Most of us keep our money securely in a bank and access it via some type of electronic card. Besides, you can’t fit all the things you own in a wallet, and luckily, you don’t carry all your debt around in your pockets either.
To answer the question “How much money do you have?”, you need to know what your personal net worth is. Here are four steps to get started:
- What is personal net worth?
- How to track your assets and liabilities
- When to look for changes in your personal net worth
- How to grow your personal net worth
1. What is personal net worth?
Your personal net worth tells you your exact financial position. Knowing what it is helps you reach your financial and life goals much faster. Net worth is simply the difference between your assets, that is everything you own, and your liabilities, the sum of everything you owe. It is unique to you and no two people will be the same. Its true purpose is to act as a benchmark which shows you where you are today, and it then helps you plan where you want to go in the future.
Do you have a “feeling” for how you are doing in monetary terms? By calculating your personal net worth it lets you replace feeling with fact. It lets you see how financially fit you are and for most people, calculating their net worth for the very first time is a real eye-opener—some will realise they are doing better than they thought, while others will realize that they have a bit of work to do to get ahead.
2. How to track your assets and liabilities
To quickly calculate your net worth, all you really need is a pen and paper. Write down two headings: “What I own” and “What I owe”. Under each heading, note down all of your assets and liabilities. Some things you may know the exact value of, but others you may need to estimate and that’s quite okay! I’ve used some numbers to give you an idea:
What I own = Assets
- Market value of my home - $500,000
- Vehicle - $20,000
- Money in the bank - $20,000
- Investments such as retirement funds and shares - $150,000
Total assets = $690,000
What I owe = Liabilities
- Mortgage on my home - $200,000
- Car loan - $2,000
- Student loan - $10,000
- Credit card - $500
Total liabilities = $212,500
So let's use our Personal Net Worth formulae: $690,000 (Assets) - $212,500 (Liabilities) = $477,500 (Your Personal Net Worth)
You can get as detailed as you like, adding all of the various assets and liabilities that you have. Now that you have a basic list and a total for each, you just subtract one from the other and you have created your personal net worth statement which is entirely unique to YOU!
We each lead busy lives and we each have a wide range of assets and liabilities to keep track of. We each use different banks, have different investments and many have interests spread around the world in different countries, using different currencies.
You can start with pen and paper, but over time, money management software such as PocketSmith can be used to help you easily and accurately calculate and track your ever-changing net worth.
3. When to look for changes in your personal net worth
Now that you have your total net worth figure, you can choose when and how often to review this information. You have now created a starting point from which you can grow your personal net worth. Your total net worth figure ebbs and flows throughout the month and you will see it rise when your income comes into your account but then you will see it fall again as your expenses go out.
On a monthly, quarterly or annual basis, take a minute to update your assets and liabilities as their values change and note down your new total net worth figure. Start to keep a record of the total figure and the date each time you calculate it. By choosing to check in on a consistent basis, such as the first day of each month, you will have a more accurate comparison of how you are tracking.
4. How to grow your personal net worth
You can now use your net worth to influence many of the daily decisions you make around money. You will find yourself asking questions such as “will I go out for dinner tonight, or will I cook at home and save money that could be put towards a debt or an investment?”
Once you start making these daily micro decisions, you will see them reflected in your total net worth over time. For example, as you pay more money towards a credit card debt, you will see the remaining balance drop each month and your total net worth grow.
Once I started to track my own net worth, it motivated me to wipe out all of my debts as fast as possible and become net worth positive. By keeping a record of my changing net worth, it gave me a baseline for comparison and I could monitor my success (or failure) on a monthly and yearly basis. I now have years of data which clearly shows me just how far I have come!
I began to take notice of my income and expenses and it fired me up to do better! On the other hand, it allowed me to relax. Knowing as each year passes by, I am heading in the right direction and that when I pay attention to my assets and liabilities, I can grow my wealth in just a few short years. If I had not tracked it, I never would have known!
Knowing your net worth may motivate you to seek a better interest rate on your mortgage, or clear that lingering credit card balance, save up for a holiday or divert more money to investments. It may even prompt you to seek a pay rise or a career change and get you looking for ways to reach your goals faster.
Your personal net worth, calculated
Calculating your net worth means no more guessing and wondering if you are on the right track financially. It gives you a simple strategy for managing your money. So, the next time a small child innocently asks you that very direct question, “How much money do you have?”, you can say with confidence exactly how much.
But it’s up to you whether you actually tell them or not!
Ruth blogs at thehappysaver.com all about how she and her family handle money. What’s the secret? Spend less than you earn, invest the difference, avoid debt and budget each dollar that flows through your hands. She firmly believes that if you can just get the basics right, life becomes easier from there on in.