In recent years, Buy Now Pay Later (BNPL) products have risen in popularity across the world — but what’s the deal with this flashy new way to pay? In this article, we break down how BNPL is different from credit cards, the risks to your credit score, and whether it belongs in your money-savvy strategy.
Buy Now Pay Later is a new way to pay for everything from clothing to dental appointments. With a raft of different providers, you can checkout online or in-store as normal, but rather than pay the full amount up front, you’re charged in periodic installments. There’s no interest, but if you miss payments you may incur late fees.
Credit cards are issued after an affordability assessment, that takes into account your financial situation and other debts you already have. If approved, you’re given a card that allows you to spend up to a certain limit. You then carry a balance each month where interest is charged on anything that isn’t cleared from your account.
Buy Now Pay Later products do not generally involve a credit check or an affordability assessment. They allow you to purchase things upfront, and pay them back in interest-free installments. Instead of interest, BNPL providers tend to charge fees for late payments.
Broadly speaking, major Buy Now Pay Later providers are safe and secure to use, in that they’re legitimate methods of payment. But it’s important to consider how they could be impacting your financial situation. The use of them is directly correlated to an increase in spending, and a lot of the marketing messaging is directed toward overspending. Plus, with so many new apps coming onto the market, it’s easy to get caught up with multiple repayments due across several providers.
That said, it can be possible for Buy Now Pay Later to exist within a healthy budgeting strategy if you’re spending with intention and using the installments to manage your cash flow. Just like any form of credit, it pays to check in regularly to ensure you’re not overspending.
The way Buy Now Pay Later is treated from a credit file perspective varies by country. That said, one thing’s for sure — Buy Now Pay Later is progressively becoming integrated into the credit industry.
In the US and the UK, Buy Now Pay Later use is now reported to credit agencies. In Australia, Buy Now Pay Later can impact your ability to borrow by being factored into your debt-to-income ratio assessment by lenders.
Ultimately, BNPL services are having a growing impact on people’s ability to take out home loans and other forms of credit, so approach them with caution.
Log into your Buy Now Pay Later accounts and review the types of things you’ve been using them for. If you’re using them for essentials, that’s one thing. But often these services are heavily marketed towards impulse purchases and non-essentials like fast fashion, tech and gaming.
Aside from what you’re actually buying with Buy Now Pay Later services, consider the wider context of your financial goals. If you’re looking to buy a home anytime soon, or apply for any type of credit, it could be worth reining in your use to clean up your spending and credit history.
Emma Edwards is a finance copywriter and blogger, on a mission to humanize the financial services industry by creating meaningful content that’s accessible and empowering. You’ll find her penning money tips at her blog, The Broke Generation, sharing financial insights on Instagram, or injecting life into content for her business clients.